Work has been undertaken previously under the European Union's Medalus III programme. This was an international research project to investigate the effects of desertification on land use in Mediterranean Europe. It is funded by the Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General XII for Science, Research and Development under its Environment Programme.
One part of this project involved the development of a prototype Synoptic Prediction System (SPS) that could link physical, climatic and socio-economic data in order to make predictions of land use change and land degradation for the Mediterranean region of the EU for around 50 years hence. Details of this work can be found under MEDALUS III: Project 3: Module 9: Topic 9.1: GIS based socio-economic modelling